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The employment of children in permanent work is prohibited. A child within the meaning of the law is a person under the age of 15 or who continues to acquire basic education for the attainment of the age of 18.
For more information on the employment process and opportunities of children and adolescents, please refer to the description of the life situation.Work and taxes.
Finding a job corresponding to their qualifications after 55 years of age can be very challenging, so it is advisable to use state aid measures to employ people of pre-retirement age. State Employment Agency (NVA) offersthe subsidised jobs programme, as well asentry into temporary employment.
Read more in the related description of the life situationLosing and Searching.
NVA CV and Vacancy Portalapply for a vacancy electronically. Every day, the portal supplements the database with current vacancies that you can apply for.
If you have decided to retrain or want to develop professionally, you can take advantage of the different training opportunities for adults. Learn more about lifelong learning and adult learning in the description of the life situationStudies and lifelong learning.
If you have lost your job and registered as an unemployed person, use the training opportunities provided by the State Employment Agency (NVA). The SEA offers a variety of training opportunities for the unemployed:
List of fields and professions of trainingrequiring training, retraining and raising of qualifications for the unemployed
The LawOn personal income tax'The pension is a taxable income. For income tax rates and non-taxable minimum, read moreNational Social Insurance (SSIA)andState Revenue Service (SRS)websites.
The salary received by the working pensioner shall not be subject to the non-taxable minimum. If no salary tax book has been submitted in the workplace, the salary shall be subject to a tax rate of 23%. If the salary tax book has been submitted to the employer, the employer will apply a tax rate of 20% to salary up to EUR 1667 per month and 23% to the excess.
If the tax book has not been submitted to the employer, the tax rate of 23% shall apply to the income of salaried employment, even if the income of paid employment is up to EUR 1667.
If the payroll tax book contains an indication of disability (which can only be done by the pensioner himself), an additional allowance of EUR 120 for Group 3 disability, EUR 154 for Group 1 and Group 2 invalidity shall be applied at the place where the salary tax book is submitted.
The progressive resident income tax introduced from 2018 applies to all income which is aggregated during the year to determine the applicable tax rate.
There are opportunities to employ citizens from other countries to ensure their business.Immigration LawsandCabinet Regulation No. 55 of 28 January 2014determine the procedures by which a third-country national shall be granted and withdrawn the right to employment, the amount of information to be included in the register of work permits and the procedures for the utilisation thereof.
A third-country national is any person who is not a citizen of the Republic of Latvia or a non-citizen of the Republic of Latvia. The legislation of the Republic of Latvia distinguishes two categories of foreign nationals:
In Latvia, foreigners may be employed in two ways:
Entering into an employment contract with the employee. If it is planned to employ EU or third-country nationals in Latvia, it is necessary firstregister vacancy in NVAwhich must be active for 1 month. If no one applies for a vacancy within one month, this may mean that the specialist needed in Latvia is not possible to hire and can search for employees abroad.On the European Job Mobility Portalyou can find both employees and jobs abroad.
In order for a citizen of the Union or a member of his or her family to establish an employment relationship, he or she does not need to acquire the right to employment.
Employing employees of another company within the framework of a cooperation agreement.
If the student is adult, the student employed was subject to all the same legal requirements as other employees (Related Life SituationWork and taxes). If worked in practice from an educational institution, a trilateral employment contract is required, but minors need parental permission.
A third-country national who has received a long-term visa or temporary residence permit in connection with full-time studies in an educational institution accredited in Latvia or in connection with the exchange of students shall have the right to employment up to 20 hours a week.
In order to start working, the first necessary description is a description of the life-cycle or CV (Curriculum Vitae), as the prospective employer can then familiarise himself with the applicant's education, past work experience and skills. The website of the State Employment Agency (NVA) contains a variety of templates to be filled in to register your CV.In the SEA database. An example of the CV can also be found on the websitehttp://www.karjerascentrs.lv.
Procedures for Organising the Training Practice of Students of Vocational Educational Institutions in an Undertaking, determinedCabinet Regulation No. 785 of 20 November 2012“Training Practice Organisations and Insurance Procedures for Students”. Training practices are a compulsory part of vocational training and involve 3 parties. Prior to the commencement of training practice, a representative of a vocational education institution, a representative of the place of practice and an trainee (or his or her lawful representative, if the trainee is a minor) shall enter into a tripartite agreement regarding training practices. This Agreement shall specify the obligations of the parties, the duration of the practice and the conditions for termination of the contract. The contract must be signed in at least 3 copies, one copy for each of the contracting parties.
The exercise of teaching practices does not, in itself, require the establishment of employment legal relationships between the undertaking and the trainee, so that training practices are not applicableLabour lawrules. However, the training practice framework has shown similarities to the working relationship, particularly with regard to the obligation of the place of practice to provide the trainee with safe and health-friendly practice environments and the trainee's obligation to follow the practice guidelines.
It is important to note thatLabour Protection Lawwithin the meaning, the trainee is considered to be employed during practice and is considered to be significant in this respect.in lawspecified labour protection and safety requirements.
You can also find a job or practice site on your sitewww.prakse.lv.
If an trainee carries out training practices at the company, it does not exclude the establishment of an employment relationship between the company and the trainee. Namely, the Labour ActArticle 44Paragraph 8 of Part 1 provides that a contract of employment may be concluded for a specified period in respect of the work of an educatee of a vocational or academic education institution, if it is related to preparation for a particular profession or direction of study.
Latvia is bound by the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which stipulates that reasonable adjustments are made to workplaces for persons with disabilities in order to promote the right of persons with disabilities to choose their jobs freely and to earn livelihoods in a working environment that is open, promotes integration and is accessible to persons with disabilities.
To make it easier for the employer to employ people with disabilitiesThe Ombudsman has established guidelinesdescribing the work process for people with disabilities. The website of the Latvian Union for deaf people is available at:Manual for employersandThe State Employment Agency (NVA) home page contains information for employerson the adaptation of people with disabilities to the workplace, as well as information on the employment of people with reduced mobility, visual difficulties, hearing loss (total or partial) and disturbance of the autic spectrum. SEA is also often organised for persons with disabilitiesopen Door Days.
It is possible for natural persons recognised as persons with disabilities or politically repressed persons or members of the national resistance movement to apply tax incentives. Information and methodological materials can be found at:On the website of the State Revenue Service (SRS).
On the amount of additional tax benefits, readOn the SRS website.
An insured person shall be entitled to a invalidity pension if:
It should be noted that if a person is entitled to different types of pensions at the same time, according to the legal norms of Latvia, one pension shall be granted, taking into account the choice of person.
The invalidity pension shall be paid up to the attainment of the age necessary for the granting of an old-age pension - when a person reaches the retirement age specified in the State, he or she is granted an old-age pension.
Working disability retirement is paid in full. The amount of the disability pension depends on the disability group defined for the person.
To be granted disability status, you must first go to your family or treating doctor. In the light of the results of a comprehensive medical examination and appropriate treatment, the doctor will decide to refer to the disability expert-examination by issuing a referral to the Medical Commission for Health and Health Assessment (DEATH). The basis for an expert-examination of disability is an application by a person who can be submitted to the portal Latvija.lv using an e-serviceApplication for THE PERFORMANCE of the disability examination at SMCAHCWAand by completing the “Performance Self-Assessment Questionnaire for Persons aged 18”. The service is intended for persons who are sent to the Disability or Preliminary Disability Examiner.
The process by which disability is describedON THE website OF THE GAERC. Documents necessary for the assessment of disability or capacity shall be compiledON THE website OF THE GAERC.
Within one month from the date of the entry into force of the expert-examination decision via the e-service portal Latvija.lv, it may be possible to submit THE DEATH online free of charge.Application for contesting the disability expert-examination decision.
Use the free service portal Latvija.lv to view existing disability assessment decisions, opinions and recommendations, the status of AN application for disability expert-examination.My data VDEĀVK.
If you want to re-receive a disabled certificate, use e-serviceRe-issue of a disabled person's certificate. This service shall be free of charge and shall provide an opportunity to electronically complete an application TO THE VDEATH for the receipt of a re-disabled certificate, if an existing certificate has been lost or damaged during its validity.
Persons with disabilities have access to all implementation by the State Employment Agency (NVA)Services. The SEA, in cooperation with natural and legal persons, shall be organisedthe creation of subsidised jobsin which the unemployed persons of the target group are involved, in accordance with the principle of equal rights. Information on financial support to the employer is available at:On the SEA website. The SEA has been developedmaterialswhich helps to increase job opportunities for disabled unemployed people.
Support for job placement and entry of the unemployed person with disabilities into the working process is available to employers. Thismeasurethe aim is to help the unemployed with disabilities start employment relations. The SEA does not grant salary grants to employers, but the workplace placement expenses and support person at the time of commencement of work are supported. The employer pays the salary for disabled employees himself or herself.
SEA available in different waystraining facilitiesfor unemployed persons with disabilities:
Read more about different options for people with disabilitiesJob loss and
Studies and lifelong learning
Work and taxes
Amount and receipt of an old-age pension
Losing and Searching
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