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Engagement is a mutual promise to connect to a marriage, but it does not give the right to seek the conclusion of a marriage by trial.
In the Civil Lawit is stipulated that if the engagement is cancelled or if one of the engagements recedes from it, each engagement must return all the property supplied to him by the other, his parents or any other person in connection with the intended marriage. If the donor is dead, the right to recover the gifts shall not be transferred to his or her heirs, but the heirs may continue to claim the deceased, if any. The former special may remain a gift to her if the former betrothed has no objection to it.
Read more about engagement regulationIn Part One of the Civil Law.
The right to marry persons isfamily list sectionofficials orIn the Civil Lawthe stated clerics of denominations.
A marriage shall not be married if there are known obstacles to the conclusion of a marriage:
If you want to register a marriagein the family list section, you and the prospective spouse must submit the following documents:
An electronically signed application may be submitted only to the family list department in which the marriage is intended to be registered.
When submitting an application in person, as well as prior to registration of the marriage, prospective spouses shall present a valid personal identification document. In the case of an electronically signed application, the identity document will have to be produced before the marriage is registered.
If you need a new personal identity document, you can apply for documents electronically by using e-service on the Latvija.lv portal.The issue of personal identification document logor in person in one of the territorial chapters of the Office for Citizenship and Migration Affairs (PMLP).
You can also apply to submit documents to the PMLP by phone to the specific territorial department or by sending the information to the authority viae-address, or in e-mail (PMLP contact details).
Latvian nationals resident in foreign states may replace the identity documentAt the diplomatic or consular office of Latvia in a foreign stateafter a previous recording. The personal identification document will be produced in Latvia and sent for service to the Latvian foreign state.
Persons who have previously been married and who have not been included in the Population Register shall present ONE of the following documents in the correspondence section:
If it is not possible for a person wishing to conclude a marriage to obtain one of the documents mentioned above, it shall be replaced by a judgment of the court concerning the establishment of that fact.
Use a free e-service on the Latvija.lv portal to check the family status information that is included for you in the Population RegisterMy data population register.
If the divorce details, if any, are not included in the Population Register, it is your duty to refer to any territorial division of the PMLP, taking the original document certifying the fact of the divorce so that the information is included in the Population Register.
If a person wishing to enter a marriage is a minor, the submission must be accompanied by a written authorisation of the parents or guardians of the minor person or the relevant Orphan's Court.
At the same time as the submission of an application for registration of marriage to the family register department, it is necessary to payThe State feeabout marriage registration. It is also a prerequisite for the application to be accepted. Information on the payment arrangements is available in the family list section.Cabinet Regulation No. 906determine in which cases persons are exempted from the State fee.
If you want to enter into a marriage not in the family register department in which you submitted an application for entering into a marriage, but in another family section or in a clergy, you need a statement (Annex 6 to Cabinet Regulation No 761) from the family list department in which you submitted a submission regarding the entering into of a marriage. The statement is free.
A marriage shall be concluded not earlier than one month and not later than within a period of six months after the submission of the application and other documents necessary for entering into the marriage to the correspondence department; orAt the diplomatic or consular office of Latvia in a foreign states if there is no marriageIn the Civil Lawthe identified obstacle. The submission of other documents to prospective spouses applies where one of them has to prove that the previous marriage is no longer valid. In urgent cases, the official of the family list department has the right to shorten the minimum (one month) time limit.
A marriage certificate will be issued to the spouses after the marriage is concluded.
Planning to marry in a church, you in a family-listed department, or when you stay abroad permanently,In the diplomatic or consular post of Latvia abroadan application for entering into a marriage shall be submitted. This must be done no later than one month before the scheduled marriage date. After drawing up the documents, the correspondence department will issue a statement (Annex 6 to Cabinet Regulation No 761) which will have to be submitted to the parishioners. Christian marriage has its own conditions, but they are also governed byThe Civil Law. Consequently, in this case, future spouses are also bound by the procedure for submitting documents described in the section on “Marriage in the Family List”.
In order to conclude a marriage in the church, future spouses must be baptized and blessed in the congregation. If the bride and fiance belong to different Christian denominations, it is possible to marry in the Church of the same denomination, but the intention must be agreed with the cleric.
Clerics will send the necessary information to the marriage register to the family list department in the territory of which the marriage took place within 14 days. A marriage certificate signed by a clergyman shall be issued in the Church, the form of which shall be the same as the marriage certificates issued in the Department of Families.
A repeated marriage certificate cannot be received by the clergy - it is issued by the family register department orLatvian diplomatic or consular post abroad. PortalLatvija.lvuse e-serviceA marriage certificate or certificates from the marriage register requestto apply for a repeating document.
If you need any repeated civil status documents (birth, marriage and death certificates or certificates), you may request these documents by appealingIn the Department of Justice Dzimtsaraksts. If it is necessary to certify the document withApostillein order to have legal effect for submission to other national authorities, a sworn notary must be addressed. Contact details of Latvian sworn notaries can be found on the portalhttps://www.latvijasnotars.lv/, under the heading “Search for notary“.
If you live permanently abroad and have declared your place of residenceIn the population register, you have the opportunity to request these documents withRepresentation of Latviamediation, as well as requiring legalisation of documents.
You must understand the educational and archival documents personally in the relevant educational institution or in the Latvian State Archives.
An e-service is available on the Latvija.lv portalAcceptance of an electronic application for the request of documentswithin the framework of which a person who is staying abroad may submit an application for the request of documents through the Latvian Mission abroad and, if necessary, to order the legalisation of the document to be understood. You can use the service if you have informed the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs about your residence abroad by registering your residence abroad. You must pay when executing an e-service.
Attesting the authenticity of documents (legalisation) means certifying the signature and the authenticity of the stamp of an official, so that public documents drawn up in one country obtain legal effect in another country. Traditionally, this function is carried out by foreign services and consular officials of diplomatic missions. In Latvia, attesting the authenticity of documents withApostillesworn notaries shall take place as from 1 July 2019.Apostillerequired for documents intended for use in the country which acceded to the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 on the abolition of legalisation requirements for foreign public documents (list of countries availableHome page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs).
Legalisation of documentsConsular Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Legalisation of documents shall also be carriDiplomatic and consular missions of Latvia. Legalisation is required for documents intended for use in a country which has not acceded to the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 on the abolition of legalisation requirements for foreign public documents, i.e. the State cannot be listedHome page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
With e-service, only the documents listed in the description of the e-service — birth, marriage and death certificates and certificates — can be required.
Video “Acceptance of an electronic application for the request of documents”.
When submitting an application, the details of the person (himself or herself, a deceased relative or of his or her minor child, the understanding document and the legalisation of the document, as well as the payment must be made. Requesting the documents of an adult person for himself or herself shall be carried out personally.
After you pay, you can receive a document in personLatvia's representation abroador by post, if such service is provided by the relevant representation of Latvia abroad.
There exists between marriage and unregistered cohabitationdifferences in legal protection. There is no special protection for unregistered cohabitation, whereas marriage has.
If a citizen of Latvia or a non-citizen of Latvia concludes a marriage outside the Republic of Latvia, observing the laws of the foreign state in the territory of which the marriage was entered, such marriage shall be in force in the Republic of Latvia if:
In order to conclude a marriage abroad, Latvian nationals need to submit a statement from the Latvian Population Register regarding their marital status to the relevant foreign institution, which is responsible for registering the marriage. If you are outside Latvia, you can request a specific statementAt the diplomatic or consular office of Latvia in a foreign stateor, send a requestOffice of Citizenship and Migration Affairs (PMLP). You can obtain a statementAt the diplomatic or consular office of Latvia in a foreign state. Where the national authority concerned requests the submission of a certified statementApostille*, then the statement must be receivedOffice of Citizenship and Migration Affairs (PMLP). The information issued by the PMLP will need to be translated and transmitted for certification by:Apostille*For Latvian sworn notary. If the request for a statement is received by the PMLP by post from a foreign country, the statement shall be issued only on-site.At the diplomatic or consular office of Latvia in a foreign statebecause the applicant for a statement must be identified once (presenting a personal identification document) in order to prevent the information from being sent to a foreign address to a person who is not entitled to receive it.
You can use the e-service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to request a statement electronically.Issuing of certificates“, within the framework of which you may submit an application for a statement from the Latvian Mission abroad regarding the data of your family status in the Population Register. The receipt of a statement shall be subject to payment of the State fee and consular remuneration.
To electronically request a statement of marital status from abroad in the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs (PMLP), you can use the e-service on the Latvija.lv portal “Application to the Authority'when submitting a request for a statement to the PMLP. The statement will be sent to the address of the place of residence indicated by you in a foreign country or to the chosen foreign agency of Latvia. To be paid for the receipt of a statementThe State fee, as well asservice chargeabout receiving a statement by mail.
Section 15 of the Population Register Lawdetermines the obligation of a person to notify the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs (PMLP) regarding a marriage entered into abroad, regardless of whether the marriage has been entered into with the national of Latvia or any other country. It is necessary to have your family and heritage rights sorted out.
Information on the marriage entered into in foreign states must be provided within 30 days to the diplomatic and consular missions of PMLP or Latvia abroad. When you proceed to announce the marriage, take the identity document (including the original or copy of the spouse's identity document), the marriage registration certificate, and the translation thereof.
Attach a copy of the marriage certificate (to be presented in the original), as well as the translation of the document into Latvian (the correctness of the translation on the document is confirmed by the interpreter) to the submission requested to update the information in the Population Register regarding the entering into the marriage. If you submit the submission with the documents to the Latvian Mission in a foreign state and the documents will be in English, German, French or Russian, the translation will not be necessary. According to the country of issue of the document, it may be necessary to certify the authenticity of the document by Apostille * or legalisation. In the application for updating of the information, indicate the surname after the marriage if it has changed, but it is not indicated in the marriage certificate attached to the application.
* legalisation of documents or proof of authenticity means certifying the official's signature and the authenticity of the stamp so that public documents drawn up in one country can obtain legal effect in another country. You can get information about legalizationWebsite of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
A citizen of the European Union (EU), a European Economic Area (EEA) country or the Swiss Confederation or a national of another country, a stateless person, refugee or person who has been granted alternative status and who is entitled to reside in the Republic of Latvia at the time of entering into his or her marriage may enter into a marriage with a citizen of Latvia, a non-citizen of Latvia, a citizen of the EU, EEA State or Swiss Confederation or another national. a State citizen, stateless person, refugee or person who has been granted alternative status and is entitled to reside in the Republic of Latvia at the time of entering into a marriage.
In order to register a marriage in Latvia, a third-country national shall submit a document regarding the registration of the marriage and other documents, if such documents have been necessary (see Section “Conclusion of marriage in the correspondence section”), issued by the competent institution of the relevant foreign state, regarding the state of the family. It shall be valid for six months if the document does not contain a shorter term.
A document issued abroad must be accompanied by a translation certified by an interpreter in Latvian. Similarly, documents issued abroad may need to be legalised or certified by Apostille *. Legalisation is not required if the document is issued in the EU, EEA State or the Swiss Confederation.
If a person who has been granted stateless status, refugee status or alternative status in the Republic of Latvia does not have the necessary documents and they cannot be obtained, the relevant documents shall be replaced by a written declaration of the referred to person. The declaration has a defined form (Annex 5 to Cabinet Regulation No 761) when completing which person shall certify that he or she is not in a marriage. An official of the family list department is entitled to prescribe another time of entering into a marriage, which is not less than a month, but not longer than six months from the day of the taking of the submission, in order to perform the examination of the documents produced and submitted.
The foreigner's given name and surname in the marriage register and marriage certificate will be reproduced in accordance with the requirements of the official language, with the possibility to indicate in addition to cross-hatches the given name and surname in Latin characters. You can use an app to learn more about personal name renditionRendition of other language personal names in Latvian, as well as referring to adviceIn the Latvian language agency.
Many years of marriage together are an event worthy of celebration, so often municipalities contribute to honouring couples. For example, it is possible to announce a ceremony with the welcome of wedding jubilāru at the premises of the family-listed sections.
You may apply for a measure by appealing to the family list section of your local government with an application, presenting a marriage certificate and a document certifying the identity of the applicant. The application may also be sent electronically to the family list department, by means ofe-address, or to the official email address. It must have been signed withsecure electronic signature (e-signature). The application may also be submitted by the spouses' children, grandchildren or other family members.
You will have to reach an agreement on the date and time of the ceremony. Organising an anniversary ceremony at the premises of the family list institution shall be a fee service, the pricing of which shall be determined by the binding rules of each local government. Interest your local governments in organisational opportunities and costsin the family list section.
When you apply for marriage registration, you have to make a choice about your surname after the marriage has been concluded. The names mentioned in the application will be indicated in the marriage registration certificate. If, after a period of time, one of the spouses decides on the change of surname, he or she must apply for it by applying to the family list department. Upon receipt of the application, a decision will be taken whether to confirm the change of surname.
The choice of surname when entering into a marriage consists of several:
After changing the surname, a new personal identification document must be removed within 30 days.
A personal identification document shall be invalid for use if the surname of the person has changed. If the identity document contains a maiden name but the surname has changed after the marriage, such document may not be used, including, for travel.
You can apply for documents for a new identity document electronically by using e-service on the Latvija.lv portal.The issue of personal identification document log.
You can also apply for documents electronically by sending information to the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs (PMLP) usinge-address, whether in e-mail or by phone (PMLP contact details).
The earliest time you can obtain a new personal identification document after submitting documents to the PMLP territorial division is two working days.
Latvian nationals resident in foreign states may replace the identity documentAt the diplomatic or consular office of Latvia in a foreign stateafter a previous recording.
On the Latvija.lv portal with a free e-serviceMy data population register, you can check your personal data for the new name.
If you agree with your spouse about the divorce and you have no disagreement about the distribution of property and child custody, use notary services. If you have not yet fully agreed on all issues, you can refer to a notary that will help you find a mutually acceptable solution. Even if you don't have common minor children and common belongings, you can separate the marriage with the notary.
The notary must be addressed jointly. A notary in the form of a notarial act will prepare a statement of your mutual will for divorce. It is also necessary to submit a true copy or extract issued by the original or family list authority or a statement from the register of civil status statements. There is also a need for a separate written agreement on child custody, maintenance, rights of access to sharing between children and spouses. Such an agreement may be drawn up by a notary. If you have chosen to enter into a notarial agreement, it may be granted enforcement power in respect of the recovery of maintenance without the involvement of the court. The marriage shall be divided one month after the filing of the divorce has been submitted to the notary, if none of the spouses has announced at that time that the application is withdrawn.
When the marriage is divorced, the notary shall notify the family list department, the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs (PMLP) and, if the marriage is entered into the church, the cleric of the relevant congregation. Latvian Sworn Notary Client PortalLatvijasnotars.lvyou can remotely use notary services by targeting a notary in videoconferencing mode and, after a conversation with a notary, sign a divorce applicationwith a secure electronic signature. This means that you can also separate a marriage remotely. If you want to make sure that your divorce data is provided in the PMLP and updated in the Population Register, use free e-service on the Latvija.lv portalMy data population register.
If you cannot agree on the division of property and the custody of children with the spouse, or if one of you does not agree with the divorce, the divorce may be requested by judicial proceedings with an application.
An application for divorce may be lodged by one spouse, but the document must be filed in duplicate and must be accompanied by the original of the marriage certificate, documents justifying the circumstances requiring divorce, copies of the birth certificate of the common children (presenting the originals), as well as other documents which may be useful, such as documents attesting the matrimonial property. If the marriage is closed abroad, translation and legalisation of the document will also be required, orApostille.
If you need to receive re-birth certificates using the Latvija.lv e-service portalRequest for a repeated birth certificate or a statement from the birth register.
The length of such a divorce process depends to a large extent on the ability of partners to compromise on the contentious issues and to cooperate with the court. The court may decide on divorce or conciliation. The conflict settlement process can be usedmediationwhich can be both an addition and an alternative to the lawsuit.
A conciliation period may be granted only if the two and the partner agree to such a decision, as well as if you lived apart for less than three years, no violent circumstances have been identified and there are no other compelling reasons why cohabitation is not possible.
Change of surname after divorce
In the event of a divorce, you can keep the surname obtained by the marriage or retrieve the maiden name. For a spouse who has contributed to the marriage, the surname obtained in the marriage may be denied.
You will no longer have a legitimate basis to obtain the name of the former spouse if you have chosen to recover your maiden name after the divorce or the former spouse has refused to stay in his name. Only by marrying the former partner again will you be able to re-accept his name.
If an agreement has been reached between the spouses on the custody, maintenance and rights of access of the child, the divorced spouses must comply with it. If this is not the case and the partners are unable to agree with each other on the distribution of property and child custody, these matters shall be dealt with in court.
One of the parents of children is entitled to request maintenance, even if the marriage is not divorced and the parents live together, but one of the parents does not participate in the maintenance of children.
If there is no dispute between parents, however one of the parents, for some reason, shall not pay maintenance in order to receive the necessary maintenance for children in accordance with the Cabinetto a minimumthe parent with a child no longer needs to go to court. This may be done by applicationMaintenance Guarantee Fund Administration (UGFA). The application FOR UGFA can also be submitted electronically via the Latvija.lv e-service portalApply to receive maintenance payments.
For receipt of maintenance, which exceeds the minimum amount specified by the Cabinet, the parent shall refer to the district (city) court with an application regarding the recovery of maintenance. An action may be brought before a court on the basis of the declared place of residence (applicant or defendant). Contact details of the court responsible for the particular address can be found in the Latvian judicial portal.Tiesas.lvunder the heading “Areas of judicial action”.
If the parents cannot agree on the procedures for payment of maintenance, one of the parents must apply to the court with an application.
If a person in the care of whom a child is present and for whom a judicial judgment regarding the recovery of maintenance from the other parent has entered into force, HAS REQUESTED AND RECEIVED an enforcement article issued by the court or an enforcement act of a sworn notary regarding the recovery of maintenance from the other child's parent, it shall:
Maintenance from the Support Guarantee Fund shall be paid to the extent specifiedCabinet Regulation No. 37but not to the extent that the court's ruling provides.
If the maintenance debtor has insolvency proceedings, the person wishing to receive the minimum amount of maintenance must turn TO UGFA (if there is no dispute between the parents). When the insolvency proceedings are terminated, the person does not have to contact the bailiff in order to keep the costs of maintenance from THE UGFA. If a person wishes to receive maintenance to a greater extent than the minimum specified and the debtor has insolvency proceedings, the person must bring an action before the court. In this case, the court's judgment cannot be handed over to enforcement, and the person with the judgment is entitled to appeal immediately TO UGFA and not to the bailiff.
The conditions referred to above shall also apply if the maintenance debtor does not have a declared place of residence, property or employment in the Republic of Latvia. Consequently, if a person wishes to receive a minimum level of maintenance and there is no dispute between his or her parents, the person should refer TO UGFA. If a person wishes to receive maintenance to a greater extent than the minimum, the person must bring an action before the court. The court's decision on the recovery of maintenance may be handed over to enforcement in a Member State of the European Union, Norway, Ukraine, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, the United States and Turkey.
Use the e-service portal Latvija.lv for information on all maintenance cases registered in the Support Guarantee Fund and debtor register where you are registered as an applicant.Information regarding the proceedings.
If you want to receive information about maintenance cases in which you are registered as a debtor or want to obtain information or another person has a debt against the Support Guarantee Fund, use the e-service of the portal Latvija.lvInformation on child support debt.
Information regarding the payment of maintenance from the Maintenance Guarantee Fund in place of the debtor shall be provided TO the natural persons by means of the portal Latvija.lv, if:
In order to see the information, the person needs to authenticate to the Latvija.lv portal, as well as to know the relevant person's code for which information is sought.
Waiting and birth of a child
Forming of age
When authenticating, I agree and undertake to comply with the rules for the use of the electronic identification solution.
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